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La lucertola spagnola, Podarcis hispanicus (Steindachner, 1870)


Nomi comuni esteri -

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Classificazione - Regno: Animalia. Sottoregno: Eumetazoa. Phylum: Chordata. Subphylum: Vertebrata. Superclasse: Gnathostomata. Classe: Reptilia. Sottoclasse: Diapsida. Ordine: Squamata. Sottordine: Sauria. Famiglia: Lacertidae. Sottofamiglia: Lacertinae. Genere: Podarcis.

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Miras, J.A.M., Cheylan, M., Nouira, M.S., Joger, U., Sá-Sousa, P. & Pérez-Mellado, V. 2006. Podarcis hispanicus. In: IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

 

Distribuzione di  Podarcis hispanicus secondo IUCN

 

Specie diffusa in gran parte del Portogallo e della Spagna (eccetto parte del meridione e del nord ovest della Penisola Iberica), incluse le isole Columbretes e Charfarinas. Podarcis hispanicus è presente anche in Francia meridionale, dove giunge fino al bacino occidentale del fiume Rodano. La specie si incontra dal livello del mare fino a quote superiori ai 3.481 metri (Pirenei).

Bibliografia - Andreu, A., Bea, A., Braña, F., Galán, P., López-Jurado, L.F., Pérez-Mellado, V., Pleguezuelos, J.M. and Salvador, A. 1998. Reptiles. Fauna Ibérica 10: 1–705.

Arnold, E.N. 2000. The gender of Podarcis and the virtues of stability, a reply to W. Böhme. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 49(1/4): 71-74.

Arnold, E.N. 2003. Reptiles and Amphibians of Europe. Princeton University Press, Princeton and Oxford.

Böhme, W. 1997. A note of the gender of the genus Podarcis (Sauria: Lacertidae). Bonner Zoologische Beitraege 47: 187–188.

Böhme, W. 1998. Podarcis siculus, -a, -um? – Entgegnung auf eine Entgegnung. Die Eidechse 8: 101-102.

Böhme, W. and Köhler, J. 2005. Do endings of adjective flectible species names affect stability? A final note on the gender of Podarcis Wagler, 1830 (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 53(3/4): 293-295.

Carranza, S., Arnold, E.N. and Amat, F. 2004. DNA phylogeny of Lacerta (Iberolacerta) and other lacertine lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae): did competition cause long-term mountain restriction? Systematics and Biodiversity 2: 57–77.

Castilla, A.M., Fernández-Pedrosa, V., Backeljau, T., González, A., Latorre, A. and Moya, A. 1998a. Conservation genetics of insular Podarcis lizards using partial cytochrome b sequences. Molecular Ecology 7: 1407–1411.

Castilla, A.M., Fernández-Pedrosa, V., Harris, J.D., González, A., Latorre, A. and Moya, A. 1998b. Mitochondrial DNA divergence suggests that Podarcis hispanica atrata (Squamata: Lacertidae) from the Columbretes Islands merits specific dictinction. Copeia 1998(4): 1037–1040.

Crochet, P.-A. and Dubois, A. 2004. Recent changes in the taxonomy of European amphibians and reptiles. In: J.-P. Gasc, A. Cabela, J. Crnobrnja-Isailovic, D. Dolmen, K. Grossenbacher, P. Haffner, J. Lescure, H. Martens, J.P. Martínez Rica, H. Maurin, M.E. Oliveira, T.S. Sofianidou, M. Veith & A. Zuiderwijk (eds) Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Europe. Re-edition. Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.

Harris, D.J. and Sá-Sousa, P. 2001. Species distinction and relationships of the western Iberian Podarcis lizards (Reptilia, Lacertidae) based on morphology and mitochondrial DNA sequences. Herpetological Journal 11: 129–136.

Harris, D.J. and Sá-Sousa, P. 2002. Molecular phylogenetics of Iberian wall lizards (Podarcis): is Podarcis hispanica a species complex? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 23: 75–81.

Harris, D.J., Carranza, S., Arnold, E.N., Pinho, C. and Ferrand, N. 2002. Complex biogeographical distribution of genetic variation within Podarcis wall lizards across the Strait of Gibraltar. Journal of Biogeography 29: 1257–1262.

Lanza, B. and Boscherini, S. 2000. The gender of the genera Podarcis Wagler 1830 (Lacertidae), Pelamis Daudin 1803 (Hydrophiidae) and Uropeltis Cuvier 1829 (Uropeltidae). Tropical Zoology 13: 327-329.

Malkmus, R. 1981. Zur vertikalen Verbreitung einiger marokkanischer Amphibien und Reptilien (Oukaïmeden - Hoher Atlas). Salamandra 17(1/2): 206–207.

Malkmus, R. 2004. Amphibians and reptiles of Portugal, Madeira and the Azores-Archipelago. A.R.G. Gantner Verlag K.G., Ruggel, Germany.

Montori, A. and Llorente, G.A. 2005. Lista patrón actualizada de la Herpetofauna española. Conclusiones de nomenclatura y taxonomía para las especies de anfibios y reptiles de España. Asociación Española de Herpetología, Barcelona.

Müller, J. 1992. Zur unterschiedlichen Biotopwahl von Podarcis hispanica (Steindachner, 1870) und Psammodromus algirus (Linnaeus, 1758). Die Eidechse 6: 11–12.

Oliverio, M., Bologna, M.A. and Mariottini, P. 2000. Molecular biogeography of the Mediterranean lizards Podarcis Wagler, 1830 and Teira Gray, 1838 (Reptilia, Lacertidae). Journal of Biogeography 27: 1403–1420.

Pleguezuelos, J.M., Márquez, R. and Lizana, M. 2002. Atlas y Libro Rojo de los Anfibios y Reptiles de España. Dirección General de la Conservación de la naturaleza-Associación Herpetológica Española, Madrid.

Salvador, A. 1986. Podarcis hispanica - Iberische Mauereidechse. In: W. Böhme (ed.) Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 2/II., Echsen III (Podarcis). pp. 71-82 Aula-Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Sá-Sousa, P. 2000. A predictive model for the Iberian wall lizard (Podarcis hispanicus) in Portugal. Herpetological Journal 10: 1–11.


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