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Lo scinco occhi di serpente, Ablepharus kitaibelii (Bibron & Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1833)

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Classificazione - Regno: Animalia. Sottoregno: Eumetazoa. Phylum: Chordata. Subphylum: Vertebrata. Superclasse: Gnathostomata. Classe: Reptilia. Sottoclasse: Diapsida. Ordine: Squamata. Sottordine: Sauria. Famiglia: Scincidae. Genere: Ablepharus.


Fonti bibliografiche principali - Böhme, W., Lymberakis, P., Ajtic, R., Tok, V., Ugurtas, I., Sevinç, M., Crochet, P.-A., Haxhiu, I., Sterijovski, B. & Krecsák, L. 2006. Ablepharus kitaibelii. In: IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.


Distribuzione di Ablepharus kitaibelii secondo IUCN


L'area di distribuzione della specie comprende il sud della Slovacchia e dell'Ungheria, gran parte della Serbia (assente dal Montenegro), la Romania meridionale, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Albania (aree di pianura), Grecia (incluse molte isole del Mar Ionio e del Mar Egeo) e la Turchia occidentale e centrale. Esiste una sola segnalazione dalla Bosnia Erzegovina orientale. Le popolazioni ungheresi e slovacche sono molto frammentate. A cipro viene segnalata la specie Ablepharus budaki. La quota massima alla quale si sono incontrati esemplari di Ablepharus kitaibelii è di circa 2,000 metri (in Turchia).

Bibliografia - Arnold, E.N. 2003. Reptiles and Amphibians of Europe. Princeton University Press, Princeton and Oxford.

Baran, I. and Atatur, M.K. 1998. Turkish herpetofauna (amphibians and reptiles). Republic of Turkey Ministry of Environment, Ankara.

Buttle, D. 1994. An addition to the article 'notes on the herpetofauna of some of the Cyclades Islands, Greece. British Herpetological Society Bulletin 1994(47): 11.

Böhme, W. and Wiedl, H. 1994. Status and zoogeography of the herpetofauna of Cyprus, with taxonomic and natural history notes on selected species (genera Rana, Coluber, Natrix, Vipera). Zoology in the Middle East 10: 31–52.

Council of Europe (CoE) 2003. Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats. Group of experts on the conservation of Amphibians and Reptiles. Mälmo (Sweden), 26-27 September 2003. Report T-PVS (2003) 18.

Disi, A.M. and Böhme, W. 1996. Zoogeography of the amphibians and reptiles of Syria, with additional new records. Herpetozoa 9(1/2): 63–70.

Dolev, A. and Perevolotsky, A. 2002. Red Book of Threatened Species in Israel – Vertebrates. Nature and Parks Authority and the Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel, Jerusalem.

Foufopoulos, J. 1997. The reptile fauna of the Northern Dodecanese (Aegean Islands, Greece). Herpetozoa 10(1/2): 3–12.

Gasc, J.-P., Cabela, A., Crnobrnja-Isailovic, J., Dolmen, D., Grossenbacher, K., Haffner, P., Lescure, J., Martens, H., Martínez-Rica, J.P., Maurin, H., Oliveira, M.E., Sofianidou, T.S., Veith, M. and Zuiderwijk, A. (eds) 1997. Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Europe. pp. 494 Societas Europaea Herpetologica and Musée National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.

Göçmen, B., Kumlutas, Y. and Tosunoglu, M. 1996. A new subspecies, Ablepharus kitaibelii (Bibron & Borry, 1833) budaki n. ssp. (Sauria: Scincidae) from the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Turkish Journal of Zoology 20: 397–405.

Kasparek, M. 1990. Zur Herpetofauna des Beckens von Köycegiz, Türkei (Dalyan-Region). Salamandra 26(2/3): 155–164.

Ljubisvljevic, K., Dzukic, G. and Kalezic, M.L. 2002. Morphological differentiation of the snake-eyed skink Ablepharus kitaibellii (Bibron and Bory, 1933), in the north-western part of the species' range: systematic implications (Squamata: Sauria: Scincidae). Herpetozoa 14: 107–121.

Lymberakis, P. and Kalionzopoulou, A. 2003. Additions to the herpetofauna of Syria. Zoology in the Middle East 29: 33–39.

Martens, H. 1997. A review of "Zoogeography of amphibians and reptiles of Syria, with additional new records" (Herpetozoa 9 (1/2), 1996). Herpetozoa 10 (3/4): 99–106.

Poulakakis, N., Lymberakis, P., Tsigenopoulos, C.S., Magoulas, A. and Mylonas, M. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary history of snake-eyed skink Ablepharus kitaibelii (Sauria: Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34: 245–256.

Schmidtler, J.F. 1997. Die Ablepharus kitaibelii - Gruppe in Südanatolien und benachbarten Gebieten (Squamata: Sauria: Scincidae). Herpetozoa 10(1/2): 35–62.

Sindaco, R., Venchi, A., Carpaneto, G.M. and Bologna, M.A. 2000. The reptiles of Anatolia: a checklist and zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia 21: 441–554.

Sivan, N. and Werner, Y.L. 1992. Survey of the reptiles of the Golan Plateau and Mt. Hermon, Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 37: 193–211.

Tomović Lj., Ljubisavljević, K., Ajtić, R., Aleksić, I. and Crnobrnja-Isailović, J. 2001. New records of the snake-eyed skink Ablepharus kitaibelii in Serbia. Biota 2(1): 115–117.

Tóth, T. 2001. Herpetologische Beobachtungen auf der Insel Syphnos (Kykladen, Griechenland). Elaphe 9(3): 70–73.

Uğurtaş, I.H., Yildirimhan, H.S. and Öz, M. 2000. Herpetofauna of the eastern region of the Amanos Mountains (Nur). Turkish Journal of Zoology 24: 257–261.

Welch, K.R.G. 1983. Herpetology of Europe and Southwest Asia. A Checklist and Bibliography of the Orders Amphisbaenia, Sauria and Serpentes. 135 pp. Robert E. Krieger, Malabar, Florida.

Werner, Y.L. 1988. Herpetofaunal survey of Israel (1950–1985), with comments on Sinai and Jordan and on zoogeographical heterogeneity. In: Y. Yom-Tov & E. Tchernov The zoogeography of Israel. Dr. W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands.

Wütschert, R. 1984. Neues uber die Reptilienfauna der Insel Korfu. Salamandra 20(4): 221–228.

Webmuseum Reptilia Squamata Sauria Scincidae Ablepharus
contact: stefano.porcellotti@ittiofauna.org