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Il salmone cane o keta, Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum, 1792)


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Spagnolo - Salmó, Salmon chum. Portoghese - Salmao-câo, Salmão-cão. Francese - Saumon chien, Saumon du Pacifique, Saumon keta, Saumon-chien. Greco - Solomos. Inglese - Keta, Calico salmon, Chum, Dog salmon, Fall salmon, Qualla, Summer chum. Tedesco - Ketalachs, Keta-Lachs, Hundslachs, Pazifischer Lachs. Danimarca - Ketalaks, Hundelaks. Norvegia - Ketalaks. Svezia - Hundlax. Finlandia - Koiralohi. Russia - Letnyaya keta, Haiko, Sil'cha, Vel. Giappone - Shiro-sake, Sake. Iran - Azad Mahi Keta, Mahi Azad Chum.

 

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Salmo keta Walbaum, 1792. Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium. In quibus systema totum ichthyologiae proponitur cum classibus, ordinibus, generum characteribus, specierum differentiis, observationibus plurimis. Redactis speciebus 242 ad genera 52. Ichthyologiae pars III. Ant. Ferdin. Rose, Grypeswaldiae [Greifswald]. Artedi Piscium [i-viii] + 1-723; Pt. 3 72. In origine scritto Salmo keta vel kayko. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura valida come Salmo keta Walbaum 1792, vedere Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:210. Nomenclatura valida come Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792), vedere Berg 1948:173, Okada 1961:311, Svetovidov 1973:147, Lee et al. 1980:93, Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:76, Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:379, Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:39, Okamura & Machida 1986:25, Pequeño 1989:28, McAllister 1990:84, Page & Burr 1991:52, Stearley & Smith 1993:22, Coad 1995:25, Zhu 1995:10, Chereshnev 1996:603, Kubota & Tsukada 1996:56, Coad 1996:85, Kim 1997:359, Nikiforov et al. 1997:330, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:728, Thurow et al. 1997:1094, Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:32, Scott & Crossman 1998:153, Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:8, Fuller et al. 1999:247, Dyer 2000:89, Nakabo 2000:302, Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19, Matsuura et al. 2000:22, Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45, Chereshnev et al. 2001:82, Pietsch et al. 2001:142, Kim & Park 2002:278 scritto "Onchorhynchus", Mecklenburg et al. 2002:208, Nakabo 2002:302, Youn 2002:194, 530, Moyle 2002:268, Kiyoshi 2003:37, Fedorov et al. 2003:37, Jang et al. 2003:119, Wydoski & Whitney 2003:68, Alekseyev et al. 2004:53, Goryainov & Lysenko 2004:176, Nelson et al. 2004:86, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:152, Scharpf 2006:27, Bogutskaya et al. 2008:346. Località tipo - fiumi della Kamchatka, Russia. Tipo - Non è noto nessun esemplare.

Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum, 1792). Artedi Piscium Pt. 3 72. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Oncorhynchus keta infra autumnalis Berg, 1932.Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. et des pays limitrophes. 3-e édition, revue et augmentée. Leningrad. Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. et des pays limitrophes. 3-e édition, revue et augmentée. Part 1: 1-554. Descritto come infraspecie. Nome infrasubspecifico, non disponibile, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - In sinonimia di Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792) ma valida infraspecie, vedere Berg 1948:179, vedere anche Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:32. Provenienza del materiale - Russia.

Salmo canis Suckley, 1859. Descriptions of several new species of Salmonidae, from the North-West Coast of America. Ann. Lyc. Nat. Hist. N. Y. 1-10; v. 7 9. Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Opinioni: sinonimo di "Oncorhynchus keta" (Walbaum 1792), secondo Scott & Crossman 1998:157. Specie descritta più dettagliatamente in Suckley 1861:312. Località tipo: torrenti lungo il Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A. Tipo: nessuno. Sintipi: (molti) perduti durante il trasporto. Non-tipi: USNM 2004 [=USNM 2068] (1).

Oncorhynchus canis (Suckley, 1859). Ann. Lyc. Nat. Hist. N. Y. v. 7 9. Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Opinioni: vedere sopra.

Salmo lagocephalus Pallas 1814. Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica, sistens omnium animalium in extenso Imperio Rossico et adjacentibus maribus observatorum recensionem, domicilia, mores et descriptiones anatomen atque icones plurimorum. 3 vols. [1811-1814]. Petropoli. Zool. Rosso-Asiatica i-vii + 1-428 + index (I-CXXV); v. 3 372. Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Opinioni: sinonimo di "Oncorhynchus keta" (Walbaum 1792), secondo Berg 1948:173, Okada 1961:311, Svetovidov 1973:147, Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:32. Località tipo: Mare di Bering, Mare di Okhotsk. Tipo: non è noto nessun esemplare tipo.

Oncorhynchus lagocephalus (Pallas, 1814). Zool. Rosso-Asiatica v. 3 372. Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Opinioni: vedere sopra.

Salmo consuetus Richardson, 1854. Vertebrals, including fossil mammals. Fish. Pp. 156-171, Pls. 30-33. In: E. Forbes (ed.). The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Herald, under the command of Captain Henry Kellett, R. N., C. B., during the years 1845-51. London. Voyage Herald; 167 Pl. 33 (fig. 1-2). Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Opinioni: sinonimo di "Oncorhynchus keta" (Walbaum 1792), secondo Okada 1961:311, Scott & Crossman 1998:157. Località tipo: fiume Yukon alle cascate sopra la confluenza con il fiume Porcupine, Nord America. Tipo: BMNH.

Oncorhynchus consuetus (Richardson, 1854). Voyage Herald 167 Pl. 33 (figs. 1-2). Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Opinioni: vedere sopra.

Salmo dermatinus Richardson, 1854. Voyage Herald 169 Pl. 33 (fig. 3-5). Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Opinioni: sinonimo di "Oncorhynchus keta" (Walbaum 1792), secondo Okada 1961:311, Scott & Crossman 1998:157. Località tipo: fiume Yukon, Nord America. Tipo: BMNH.

Oncorhynchus dermatinus (Richardson, 1854). Voyage Herald 169 Pl. 33 (fig. 3-5). Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Opinioni: vedere sopra.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. Pagina 52.

 

 

Distribuzione originaria di Oncorhynchus keta secondo Fishbase

 

 

L'area di distribuzione originaria comprende tutta l'Alaska artica ed il nord Pacifico, dalla Corea, Giappone, mare di Okhotsk e di Bering, fino alla Baia di San Diego in California, USA. La specie è stata introdotta, con acclimatazione, in Finlandia, Norvegia, Russia europea, Lituania, Iran e Cile.

 

 

Introduzioni di Oncorhynchus keta
Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

non conosciuto

ex URSS

Finlandia

no

non conosciuto

ignota

Iran

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Lettonia

probabile

non conosciuto

ex URSS

Norvegia

probabile

1932

ignota

Russia

no

1955

Puget Sound (USA)

Ontario (USA)

no

1970

Giappone

Cile

probabile

1970

Usa

Cile

probabile

 

 

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