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Il salmone gobbo o rosa, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum, 1792)


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Spagnolo - Salmón rosado. Portoghese - Salmao-rosa, Salmão-rosa. Francese - Saumon rose, Saumon rose à bosse. Greco - Solomós. Inglese - Pink salmon, Humpback, Humpback salmon, Humpie, Humpy, Pink, Slimy. Tedesco - Rosa Lachs, Buckelkopflachs, Buckellachs, Gorbuscha-Lachs, Pazifischer Lachs, Wildlachs. Olanda - Roze zalm, Rode zalm. Danimarca - Pukkellaks. Norvegia - Pukkellaks. Svezia - Puckellax. Faeroe - Kúlulaksur. Islanda - Bleiklax, Hnúolax. Filandia - Kyttyrälohi. Polonia - Gorbusza. Russia - Ech-ech, Gorbusha, Kal'-al', Kraska-balyk, Krasnina, Kykhyl-balyk, Tengi, Uru. Turchia - Pembe alabalik. Giappone - Karafutomasu.

 

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Salmo gorbuscha Walbaum 1792. Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium. In quibus systema totum ichthyologiae proponitur cum classibus, ordinibus, generum characteribus, specierum differentiis, observationibus plurimis. Redactis speciebus 242 ad genera 52. Ichthyologiae pars III. Ant. Ferdin. Rose, Grypeswaldiae [Greifswald]. Artedi Piscium [i-viii] + 1-723; Pt. 3 69. Status: nomenclatura originaria, non valida. Opinioni: nomenclatura valida come "Salmo gorbuscha" Walbaum 1792 -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:226 [ref. 25598]). Valid as "Oncorhynchus gorbuscha" (Walbaum 1792), secondo Berg 1948:182, Okada 1961:307, Svetovidov 1973:146, Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:378, Lee et al. 1980:92, Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:76, Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:39, Smith 1986:221, Scott & Scott 1988:123, McAllister 1990:84, Page & Burr 1991:53, Stearley & Smith 1993:22, Coad 1995:25 [ref. 23608], Zhu 1995:10, Chereshnev 1996:603, Coad 1996:85, Kim 1997:361, Nikiforov et al. 1997:330, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:728, Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:32, Scott & Crossman 1998:148, Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:8, Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:159, Fuller et al. 1999:246, Lyons et al. 2000:66, Nakabo 2000:303, Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19, Zemnukhov et al. 2001:420, Pietsch et al. 2001:142, Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45, Nakabo 2002:303, Kim & Park 2002:280, Kocik & Friedland in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:170, Mecklenburg et al. 2002:205, Youn 2002:194, 530, Moyle 2002:266, Fedorov et al. 2003:36, Alekseyev et al. 2004:53 come "gorbusha" a p. 53, Nelson et al. 2004:86, Bailey et al. 2004:149, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:152. Località tipo: Kamchatka, Russia. Tipo: non è noto nessun esemplare tipo.

Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum, 1792). Artedi Piscium Pt. 3 69. Status: nuova nomenclatura, valida.

Salmo scouleri Richardson, 1836. The Fish. In: Fauna Boreali-Americana; or the zoology of the northern parts of British America: containing descriptions of the objects of natural history collected on the late northern land expeditions, under the command of Sir John Franklin, R.N. Fauna Boreali-Americana i-xv + 1-327; Part 3 158 Pl. 93. Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Opinioni: sinonimo di "Oncorhynchus gorbuscha" (Walbaum 1792), secondo Okada 1961:307, Svetovidov 1973:147, Scott & Crossman 1998:152. Località tipo: Observatory Inlet, fiume Columbia, U.S.A. Tipo: collocazione attuale ignota.

Oncorhynchus scouleri (Richardson, 1836). Fauna Boreali-Americana Part 3 158 Pl. 93. Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Opinioni: vedere sopra.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico.. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. Pagina 53.

 

 

Distribuzione di Oncorhynchus gorbuscha secondo fishbase

 

 

L'area di distribuzione della specie comprende tutto il nord Pacifico, compresa la corrispondente parte del mar Glaciale Artico, ed i bacini fluviali afferenti: Alaska e isole Aleutine, Islands (Ref. 1998), Territori del Nord Ovest in Canada, fino alla California in USA; Mare di Bering e di Okhotsk, Federazione Russa, est Corea e isola di Hokkaido in Giappone. Introdotta, con acclimatazione, in Svezia, Polonia, Finlandia, Islanda, Lituania, Groenlandia, Germania, Norvegia, Irlanda, Iran, Argentina e Cile.

 

 

Introduzioni di Oncorhynchus gorbuscha
Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

non conosciuto

ex URSS

Gran Bretagna

no

non conosciuto

ignota

Svezia

probabile

non conosciuto

ex URSS

Polonia

probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Lettonia

probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Iran

probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Islanda

probabile

non conosciuto

Newfoundland

Groenlandia

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Germania

probabile

non conosciuto

ex URSS

Finlandia

probabile

non conosciuto

USA

Cile

ignota

non conosciuto

ignota

Argentina

ignota

1960 - 1969

ex URSS

Norvegia

probabile

1960 - 1969

ex URSS

Irlanda

probabile

1960 - 1969

Norvegia

Irlanda

probabile

1939

ignota

Russia

no

1956

British Columbia

Lago Superiore

si

1956

fiume Skeena

Goose Creek

no

 

 

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