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Il taimen o salmone di Mongolia, Hucho taimen (Pallas, 1773)


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Inglese - Taimen. Danimarca - Taimenlaks. Svezia -  Taimen. Finlandia - Siperianjokilohi, Jokinieriä. Russo - Taimen, Taimen' obyknovennyi.

 

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Hucho taimen (Pallas, 1773). Reise Russ. Reiches v. 2 716. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Salmo taimen Pallas, 1773. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reiches. St. Petersburg. 3 vols. [vol. 1, 1771:12 unnumb. index, + Pls. A-Z, AA-NN]. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reiches. St. Petersburg. 3 vol. Originariamente scritto taïmen. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Hucho hucho (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie, vedere Chereshnev 1996:603. Nomenclatura valida come Hucho taimen (Pallas 1773), vedere Berg 1948:296, Zhu 1995:10, Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:13, Kottelat 1997:124, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:728, Yue & Chen 1998:29, Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45, Sideleva 2001:46, Sideleva 2003:13, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:151, Kottelat 2006:18, Ocock et al. 2006:54, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:397, Bogutskaya et al. 2008:345. Località tipo - Fiumi della Siberia, Russia, afferenti all'Oceano Artico. Informazioni sull'esemplare tipo - Svetovidov 1978:21. Tipo - Lectotipo - ZMB 23561. Lectotipo designato da Svetovidov 1978:21.

Hucho hucho taimen (Pallas, 1773). Reise Russ. Reiches v. 2 716. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Salvelinus taimen  (Pallas, 1773). Reise Russ. Reiches v. 2 716. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Salmo fluviatilis Pallas, 1814. Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica, sistens omnium animalium in extenso Imperio Rossico et adjacentibus maribus observatorum recensionem, domicilia, mores et descriptiones anatomen atque icones plurimorum. 3 vols. [1811-1814]. Petropoli. Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica, sistens omnium animalium ... v. 3: i-vii + 1-428 + index (I-CXXV), Pls. 1, 13, 14, 15, 20 and 21. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Hucho taimen (Pallas 1773), vedere Berg 1948:296, Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:13, Sideleva 2001:46, Sideleva 2003:13, Kottelat 2006:18. Località tipo - Fiumi transuralici: Ob, Irtis, Jenissei, Lena, Baikal, Witimo, Tutuchansk, Sowam. Informazioni sull'esemplare tipo - Svetovidov 1978:21. Tipo - Lectotipo - ZMB 23561. Lectotipo designato da Svetovidov 1978:21.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Kottelat M. and J. Freyhof 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland and Freyof, Berlin, Germany. Pagina 397 - 399.

 

 

Distribuzione di Hucho taimen

 

 

Specie diffusa dai bacini dei fiumi Volga e Pechora River ad est fino al bacino del fiume Jana, nel nord, ed al bacino del fiume Amur a sud. Quest'area include parte del bacino del Mar Caspio, i bacini dei fiumi artici euroasiatici, e parte dei fiumi del versante pacifico in Mongolia e Russia. In Mongolia H. taimen è diffuso sia nel versante artico, sia in quello pacifico, nei bacini dei fiumi Jenissei, Selenga/Lena, ed Amur.

 

 

Bibliografia - Berg, L. S. 1962. Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries. volume 1, 4th edition.

Nikolsky, G. W. 1957. Spezielle Fischkunde.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 1990. Multilingual dictionary of fish and fish products.

Robins, C. R., R. M. Bailey, C. E. Bond, J. R. Brooker, E. A. Lachner, R. N. Lea and W. B. Scott 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada.

Crawford, R. 1993. World record game fishes 1993.

Vasil'ev, V. P. 1980. Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish.

Frimodt, C. 1995. Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial coldwater fish.

Terofal, F. 1984. Süsswasserfische in europaischen Gewassern.

Bogutskaya, N. G. and A. M. Naseka 1996. Cyclostomata and fishes of Khanka Lake drainage area (Amur river basin). An annotated check-list with comments on taxonomy and zoogeography of the region.

Kottelat, M. 1997. European freshwater fishes.

Reshetnikov, Y. S., N. G. Bogutskaya, E. D. Vasil'eva, E. A. Dorofeeva, A. M. Naseka, O. A. Popova, K. A. Savvaitova, V. G. Sideleva and L. I. Sokolov 1997. An annotated check-list of the freshwater fishes of Russia.

Viktorovsky, R. M., A. N. Makoedov and A. A. Shevchishin 1985. The chromosomal sets of Brachymystax lenok and Hucho taimen and the divergency of the salmonid genera.

Arkhipchuk, V. V. 1999. Chromosome database.

Rass, T. S. 1983. Fish.

Swedish Museum of Natural History 1999. NRM Ichthyology collection database.

Anonymous 1999. Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).

Klinkhardt, M, M. Tesche and H. Greven 1995. Database of fish chromosomes.

Dorofeeva, E. A. 1977. Ispol'sovanije dannych kariologii dlja reschenija voprosov sysematiki i filogenii lososevych ryb.

Anonymous 2000. The ichthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).

Anonymous 2001. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution).

IGFA 2001. Database of IGFA angling records until 2001.

Mitrofanov, V. P. and T. Petr 1999. Fish and fisheries in the Altai, Northern Tien Shan and Lake Balkhash (Kazakhstan).

Dulmaa, A. 1999. Fish and fisheries in Mongolia.

Walker, K. F. and H. Z. Yang 1999. Fish and fisheries in western China.

Bogutskaya, N. G. and A. M. Naseka 2002. An overview of nonindigenous fishes in inland waters of Russia.

Bogutskaya, N. G. 2002. Common names of Russian freshwater fishes.

Wang, S. (ed.) 1998. China red data book of endangered animals. Pisces.

Anonymous 2003. Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum.

Ricker, W. E. 1973. Russian-English dictionary for students of fisheries and aquatic biology.

Riede, K. 2004. Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales.

Carl, H. 2003. Danish fish names.

Ma, X., X. Bangxi, W. Yindong and W. Mingxue 2003. Intentionally introduced and transferred fishes in China's inland waters.

Podlesnyi, A. V. 1958. Fishes of Enisey, their environments and use.

Machacek, H. (ed.) 2006. World Records Freshwater Fishing.

Kottelat, M. 2006. Fishes of Mongolia. A check-list of the fishes known to occur in Mongolia with comments on systematics and nomenclature.

Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences 2003. Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.

Bogutskaya, N. G. and A. M. Naseka 2002. REGIONAL CHECK-LISTS: Baikal Lake.

Bogutskaya, N. G. and A. M. Naseka 2002. REGIONAL CHECK-LISTS: Volga River Drainage Area.

Bogutskaya, N. G. and A. M. Naseka 2002. REGIONAL CHECK-LISTS: Amur River Drainage Area in Russia.

Bogutskaya, N. G. and A. M. Naseka 2002. REGIONAL CHECK-LISTS: Sakhalin Island.

Stone, R. 2007. The last of the leviathans.

Levanidov, V. Y. 1951. Feeding of Taimen in foothill inflows of the Amur river.

Teplov, V. P. 1951. Feeding of Taimen (Hucho taimen Pall.) and its relationships with juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.).

Jensen, O. P, D. J. Gilroy, Z. Hogan, B. C. Allen, T. R. Hrabik, B. C. Weidel, S. Chandra and M. J. Vander Zanden 2009. Evaluating recreational fisheries for an endangered species: a case study of taimen, Hucho taimen, in Mongolia.

 


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