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Le Faune Webmuseum Decapoda Cambaridae Procambarus

Il gambero rosso della Louisiana,

Procambarus Clarckii (Girard, 1852)


Nomi comuni esteri - Inglese - red swamp crayfish, Louisiana crayfish. Francese - écrevisse de Louisiane, écrevisse rouge de Louisiane. Spagnolo - cangrejo de las marismas, cangrejo americano. Portoghese - lagostim vermelho. Tedesco - Roter Amerikanischer Sumpfkrebs. Olanda - rode rivierkreeft.

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Classificazione - Regno: Animalia. Phylum: Arthropoda. Subphylum: Crustacea. Classe: Malacostraca. Ordine: Decapoda. Infraordine: Astacidea. Famiglia: Cambaridae. Genere: Procambarus.

Sinonimi - Cambarus Clarkii Girard, 1852.

Altri nomi - Cambarus clarkii Faxon 1898. Procambarus clarkii Hobbs 1942.

Tassonomia - Considerato da molti autori come membro del sottogenere Scapulicambarus, nessuna sottospecie.

Fonti bibliografiche principali - "Atlas of Crayfish in Europe", Publications Scientifiques du Muséum Nationel d'Histoire Naturelle, C. Souty-Grosset, D. M. Holdich, P. Y. Noel, J.D. Reynolds, P. Haffner (editors), Paris, 2006.

 

Distribuzione europea di P. clarckii da "Atlas of Crayfish in Europe" pub. MNHN, Paris.

 

Specie originaria del versante atlantico  dell'America settentrionale, dal nord del Messico alla contea di Escambia (Florida) raggiunge a nord il sud dell'Illinois e l'Ohio. Successivamente introdotta sia nel resto degli Stati Uniti, sia in altre regioni del mondo, ove si è ben acclimatata (Giappone, Sud-Est Asiatico, Spagna, Costa Rica, Portorico, S. Domingo, Venezuela, Kenya, Sudan, Uganda, ecc.). Dopo le prime introduzioni effettuate in Spagna, P. clarckii si è successivamente diffuso in altri paesi europei, come Francia, Italia, Germania e Paesi Bassi. In Italia il gambero rosso della Louisiana si è diffuso ed acclimatato nei bacini dei fiume Po, Arno e Tevere, recentemente la specie è stata segnalata anche nel Lazio meridionale, in Sardegna ed in Sicilia.

Bibliografia - "Atlas of Crayfish in Europe", Publications Scientifiques du Muséum Nationel d'Histoire Naturelle, C. Souty-Grosset, D. M. Holdich, P. Y. Noel, J.D. Reynolds, P. Haffner (editors), Paris, 2006.

Anastacio et al. 2002. Impact of crayfish densities on wet seeded rice and the inefficiency of a non-ionic surfactant as an ecotechnological solution. Ecological Engineering 15: 17-25.

Anastacio & Marques 1996. Crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, effects on initial stages of rice growth in the lower Mondego River Valley (Portugal). Freshwater Crayfish 11: 608-618.

Barbaresi & Gherardi 2000. The invasion of the alien crayfish Procambarus clarkii in Europe, with partícular reference to Italy. Biological Invasions 2: 259-264.

Barbaresi et al. 2004a. Ranging behaviour of the invasive crayfish, Procambarus clarkii (Girard). Journal of Natural History 38 (22): 2821-2832.

Correia 1995. Population dynamics of Procamborus clarkii (Crustacea: Decapoda) in Portugal. Freshwater Crayfish 8: 276-290.

Correia & Costa 1994. Introduction of the red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii (Crustacea, Decapoda) in Sào Miguel, Azores, Portugal. Arquipélago. Life and Marine Sciences 12A: 67-73.

Correia & Ferreira 1995. Burrowing behavior of the introduced red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii (Decapoda: Cambaridae) in Portugal. Journal of Crustacean biology 15 (2): 248-257.

Costa et al. 1994. L'écrevisse rouge des marais, Procambarus clarkii, aux Acores. L'Astaciculteur de France 38: 2-9.

Delibes & Adrian 1987. Effects of crayfish introductions on otter Lutra lutra food in the Donana National Park, SIN Spain. Biologicol Conservation 42: 153-159.

Delmastro 1999. Annotazioni sulla storia naturale del gambero della Louisiana Procambarus clarkii (Girard, 1852) in Piemonte Centrale e prima segnalazione regionale del gambero americano Orconectes limosus (Raffinesque, 1817) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Astacidae: Cambaridae). Rivista Piemontese di Storia Naturale 20: 65-92.

Fonesca et al. 1997. Oxygen uptake inhibition in Procambarus clarkii, red swamp crayfish by biodegradable surfactants: an ecotechnological approach for population control in rice fields. FreshwaterCrayfish 11:235-242.

Frutiger & Müller 2002. Controlling unwanted Procambarus clarkii populations by fish predation. Freshwater Crayfish 13: 309-315.

Frutiger et al. 1999. How to control unwanted Procambarus clarkii populations in Central Europe? Freshwater Crayfish 12: 714-726.

Geiger et al. 2005. Impact of an introduced crustacean on the trophic webs of Mediterranean wetlands. Biological lnvasions 7: 49-73.

Gelder et al. 1994. A report on branchiobdellidans (Annelida: Clitellata) and a taxonomic key to the species in northern Italy, including the first record of Cambarinicola mesochoreus on the introduced American red swamp crayfish. Bollettino di Zoologia 61: 179-183.

Gutiérrez-Yurrita & Martinez 2001. Expected and potential ecological incidence of red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii in Tenerife Island, Canary Islands, Spain. Crayfish news - IAA Newsletter 24 (1): 10-13.

Gutiérrez Yurrita & Montes 1998. L'écrevisse rouge (Procambarus clarkii) dans le Parc National de Donana. L'Astaciculteur de France 55: 2-6.

Gutiérrez Yurrita & Montes 1999. Bioenergetics and phenology of reproduction of the introduced red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, in Donana National Park, Spain and implications for species management. Freshwater Biology 42: 561-564.

Gutiérrez Yurrita et al. 1998. Diet of red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii in natural ecosystems of the Donana National Park temporary fresh-water marsh (Spain). Journal of Crustacean Biology 18 (1): 120-127.

Huner 1988. Procambarus in North America and Europe, in Holdich D. M. & Lowery R. S. (eds), Freshwater Crayfísh. Biology, Management and Exploitation. Croom Helm, London: 239-261.

Huner 2002. Procambarus, in Holdich D. M. (ed.), Biology of Freshwater Crayfish. Blackwell Science Ltd., Oxford: 541-584 + pl. 43-45.

Ilhéu & Bernardo 1993a. Aspects of trophic ecology of red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii Girard) in Alentejo, South of Portugal, in Actos VI Congreso Esponol de Limnologia. Granada, Spain. Instituto de Ciencias de la Educaciòn, universidad de Granada, Granada: 417-423.

Ilhéu & Bernardo 1993b. Experimental evaluation of food preferences of red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii: vegetal versus animal. Freshwater Crayfish 9: 359-364.

Ilhéu & Bernardo 1995. Trophic ecology of red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii (Girard) - preferences and digestibility of plant foods. Freshwater Crayfish 10: 132-139.

Ilhéu & Bernardo 1996. Life history and population biology of red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, in a Mediterranean reservoir. Freshwater Crayfish 11: 54-59.

Laurent 2004a. La rouge de Louisiane domine le commerce des écrevisses. L'Astaciculteur de France 80: 2-8.

Pérez-Bote 2005. Feeding ecology of the exotic red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii (Girard, 1852) in the Guadiana River (SW Iberian Peninsula). Crustaceana 77 (11): 1375-1387.

Quaglio et al. 2002b. Toxicity of the synthetic pyrethroid ciflutrin io the red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii). Freshwater Crayfish 13: 431-436.

Renai & Gherardi 2004. Predatory efficiency of crayfish: comparison between indigenous and non-indigenous species. Biological Invasions 6: 89-99.

Rodriguez et al. 2005. Loss of diversity and degradation of wetlands as a result of introducing exotic crayfish. Biological lnvasions 7: 75-85.


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