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Le Faune Webmuseum Amphibia Caudata Salamandridae Chioglossa

La chioglossa, Chiglossa lusitanica Bocage, 1864


Nomi comuni esteri - Francese - Chioglosse portugais.  Spagnolo - Salamandra rabilarga, Salamandra portuguesa. Basco - Arrubi. Galiziano - Saramaganta, Salamantiga rabilonga. Portoghese - Salamandra-lusitânica.Inglese - Golden-striped Salamander. Tedesco - Goldstreifensalamander. Olanda - Goudstreepsalamander. Danimarca - Gulstribet salamander. Svezia - Guldstrimmig salamander. Finlandia - Kultajuovasalamanteri. Polonia - Salamandra luzytańska. Ungheria - Aranycsíkos szalamandra, Ibériai szalamandra. Repubblica Ceca - Mlok zlatopásý. Slovacchia - Salamandra zlatopása.

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Classificazione - Regno: Animalia. Sottoregno: Eumetazoa. Phylum: Chordata. Subphylum: Vertebrata. Superclasse: Gnathostomata. Classe: Amphibia. Sottoclasse: Lissamphibia. Ordine: Caudata. Famiglia: Salamandridae. Sottofamiglia: Salamandrinae. Genere: Chioglossa.

Chioglossa lusitanica Bocage, 1864, Rev. Mag. Zool., Paris, Ser. 2, 16: 249 Sintipi: MLB (distrutti da un incendio nel 1978) e ZMB 6481 (3 specimen, presumibilmente frutto di scambio con MLB), MNHNP 1182 e 1182A (secondo Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 37); lo specimen BM da Coimbra deve essere valutato come possibile tipo primario come era stato proposto da Bocage (DRF). Località tipo: "Coimbra" e "montagne de Bussaco, à cinq lieues de Coimbra", Portogallo. Tradotto come "Berg Bussaco bei Coimba, Portugal" da Mertens & Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 15.

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Arntzen, J.W. 1984. On the biology of Chioglossa lusitanica, the golden-striped salamander. Biological Conservation 28: 89-92.

 

Distribuzione di Chiglossa lusitanica secondo IUCN

 

La diffusione della specie è limitata alle zone umide, collinari e montuose, del nord ovest della Spagna (Galizia ed Asturie) e del Portogallo settentrionale e centrale. C. lusitanica è stata introdotta nella Serra de Sintra in Portogallo. Si incontra a quote comprese tra i 100 ed i 1.000 metri (segnalazioni a quote superiori richiedono conferma).

Bibliografia - Alexandrino, J., Arntzen, J.W. and Ferrand, N. 2002. Nested clade analysis and the genetic evidence for population expansion in the phylogeography of the golden-striped salamander, Chioglossa lusitanica (Amphibia: Urodela). Heredity 88: 66-74.

Alexandrino, J., Ferrand, N. and Arntzen, J.W. 1997. Genetic variation in some populations of the golden-striped salamander, Chioglossa lusitanica (Amphibia: Urodela), in Portugal. Biochem Genet. 35(11-12): 371-81.

Alexandrino, J., Froufe, E., Arntzen, J.W. and Ferrand, N. 2000. Genetic subdivision, glacial refugia and postglacial recolonization in the Golden-striped salamander, Chioglossa lusitanica (Amphibia: Urodela). Molecular Ecology 9: 771-781.

Arnold, E.N. 2003. Reptiles and Amphibians of Europe. Princeton University Press, Princeton and Oxford.

Arnold, S.J. 1987. The comparative ethology of courtship in salamandrid salamanders. 1. Salamandra and Chioglossa. Ethology 74: 133-145.

Arntzen, J.W. 1981. Ecological observations on Chioglossa lusitanica (Caudata, Salamandridae). Amphibia-Reptilia 3/4: 187-203.

Arntzen, J.W. 1984. On the biology of Chioglossa lusitanica, the golden-striped salamander. Biological Conservation 28: 89-92.

Arntzen, J.W. 1994. Speedy salamanders: sedentariness and migration of Chioglossa lusitanica. Revista Española de Herpetología 8: 81-86.

Arntzen, J.W. 1995. Temporal and spatial distribution of the golden-striped salamander (Chioglossa lusitanica) along two mountain brooks in northern Portugal. Herpetological Journal 5: 213-216.

Arntzen, J.W. 1999. Chioglossa lusitanica Bocage, 1864. In: K.G. Grossenbacher & B. Thiesmeier (eds), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas 4(1): Urodela I, pp. 301-332. Aula-Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Busack, S.D. 1976. A review of the biology of the gold-striped salamander, Chioglossa lusitanica (Amphibia: Salamandridae). Biological Conservation 10: 309-319.

Böhme, W, Grossenbacher, K. and Thiesmeier, B. 1999. Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, band 4/I:Schwanzlurche (Urodela). Aula-Verlag, Wiesbaden, Germany.

Ferrand de Almeida, N., Ferrand de Almeida, P., Gonçalves, H., Sequeira, F., Teixeira, J. and Ferrand de Almeida, F. 2001. Guia FAPAS Anfibios e Répteis de Portugal. FAPAS-Cámara Municipal de Porto, Porto.

Galán, P. 1999. Conservación de la herpetofauna gallega. Situación actual de los anfibios y reptiles de Galicia. Universidade da Coruña, Monografía 72. A Coruña. : 286pp.

Gasc, J.-P. (ed.) 1997. Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Europe. Societas Europea Herpetologica & Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.

Godinho, R., Teixeira, J., Rebelo, R., Segurado, P., Loureiro, A., Álvares, F., Gomes, N., Cardoso, P., Camilo-Alves, C. and Brito, J.C. 1999. Atlas of the continental Portuguese herpetofauna: an assemblage of published and new data. Revista Española de Herpetología 13: 61-81.

Goux, L. 1957. Contribution a l'étude écologique et biogéographique de Chioglossa lusitanica Barb. (Urodela, Salamandridae). Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 82: 361-377.

Griffiths, R.A. 1996. Newts and Salamanders of Europe. Poyser Natural History, London.

Groombridge, B. (ed.) 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Hartasanchez, R., Hartasanchez, A., Menendez, I., Muniz, C., Noriega, J.I. and Rodriquez, G. 1981. Datos para la distribucion de Chioglossa lusitanica Bocage, 1864 (Urodela-Salamandridae) en la Peninsula Iberica. Bol. De Cienc. De la Nat. I.D.E.A. 27: 187-192.

IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1986. 1986 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN. 1990. 1990 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org.

Lima, V., Arntzen, J.W. and Ferrand, N.M. 2000. Age structure and growth pattern in two populations of the golden-striped salamander Chioglossa lusitanica (Caudata, Salamandridae). Amphibia-Reptilia 22: 55-68.

Malkmus, R. 2004. Amphibians and reptiles of Portugal, Madeira and the Azores-Archipelago. A.R.G. Gantner Verlag K.G., Ruggel, Germany.

Paulo, O. 1997. Amphibians in Portugal. FrogLog 21: 2.

Pleguezuelos, J.M. 1997. Distribucion y Biogeografia de los Anfibios y Reptiles en España y Portugal. Asociacion Herpetologica Española, Las Palmas de Gran Canarias.

Pleguezuelos, J.M. and Villafranca, C. 1997. Distribución altitudinal de la herpetofauna ibérica. In: J.M. Pleguezuelos (ed.), Distribucion y Biogeografia de los Anfibios y Reptiles en España y Portugal, pp. 321-34. Monografías de Herpetología 3. Universidad de Granada-Asociación Herpetológica Española, Granada.

Pleguezuelos, J.M., Márquez, R. and Lizana, M. 2002. Atlas y Libro Rojo de los Anfibios y Reptiles de España. Dirección General de la Conservación de la naturaleza-Associación Herpetológica Española, Madrid.

Sequeira, F., Ferrand, N.M. and Crespo, E.G. 2003. Reproductive cycle of the golden-striped salamander Chioglossa lusitanica (Caudata, Salamandridae) in NW Portugal. Amphibia-Reptilia 24(1): 1-12.

Sequeira, F., Gonçalves, H., Faria, M.M., Meneses, V. and Arntzen, J.W 2001. Habitat-structural and meteorological parameters influencing the activity and local distribution of the Golden-striped salamander, Chioglossa lusitanica. Herpetological Journal 11(3): 85-90.

Sequeira, F., Teixeira, J., Alexandrino, J., Lima, V. and Ferrano, N. 1996. Distribución de Chioglossa lusitanica en Portugal. Boletín de la Asociación Herpetológica Española (7): 7-8.

Stumpel-Rieks, S. E. 1992. Nomina Herpetofaunae Europaeae. AULA-Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Teixeira, J. and Arntzen, J.W. 2002. Potential impact of climate warming on the distribution of the Golden-striped salamander, Chioglossa lusitanica, on the Iberian Peninsula. Biodiversity and Conservation 11: 2167-2176.

Teixeira, J. and Ferrand, N. 2002. The application of distribution models and Geographical Information Systems for the study of biogeography and conservation of herpetofauna: Chioglossa lusitanica as a case study. Revista Española de Herpetología Vol. Esp. 2002: 119-130.

Teixeira, J., Ferrand, N. and Arntzen, J.W. 2001. Biogeography of the golden-striped salamander Chioglossa lusitanica: a field survey and spatial modelling approach. Ecography 24(5): 618-624.

Teixeira, J., Sequeira, F., Alexandrino, J. and Ferrand, N. 1997. Bases para a conservaçao da salamandra-lusitânica (Chioglossa lusitanica). In: Estudos de Biologia e Conservaçao da Natureza, 22. Instituto da Conservaçao da Natureza, Ministerio do Ambiente, Lisboa.

Thorn, R. 1968. Les Salamandres d'Europe, d'Asia, et d'Afrique du Nord. Éditions Paul Lechevalier, Paris.

Vences, M. 1990. Untersuchungen zur Okologie, Ethologie und gegraphischen Variation von Chioglossa luisitanica Bocage, 1864. Salamandra 26: 267-297.

Vences, M. 1993. Habitat choice of the salamander Chioglossa lusitanica: the effects of eucalypt plantations. Amphibia-Reptilia 14(3): 201-212.

Vences, M. 2003. Salamandra rabilarga - Chioglossa lusitanica. In: L.M. Carrascal & A. Salvador. Enciclopedia Virtual de los Vertebrados Españoles. Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid. http://www.vertebradosibericos.org


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