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Le Faune Webmuseum Amphibia Anura Ranidae Pelophylax

La rana verde minore, Pelophylax kl. esculentus (Linnaeus, 1758)


Nomi comuni esteri - Spagnolo - Rana verde comestible. Francese - Grenouille verte. Inglese - Edible Frog, Green Frog, Water Frog. Tedesco - Teichfrosch. Svezia - Ätlig groda. Norvegia - Grønn frosk. Finlandia - Syötävä sammakko. Danimarca - Grøn frø. Olanda - bastaardkikker. Frisone - Jork. Croazia - Zelena žaba, Jestiva zelena žaba. Serbia - Zelena žaba. Slovenia - Zelena žaba. Polonia - Żaba wodna. Ungheria - Kecskebéka. Repubblica Ceca - Skokan zelený. Slovacchia - Skokan zelený. Albania - Bretkosa e dejeve. Romania - Broasca de balta, Broasca de lac. Bulgaria - Зелена водна жаба.

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Classificazione - Regno: Animalia. Sottoregno: Eumetazoa. Phylum: Chordata. Subphylum: Vertebrata. Superclasse: Gnathostomata. Classe: Amphibia. Sottoclasse: Lissamphibia. Ordine: Anura. Sottordine: Dispasiocoela. Famiglia: Ranidae. Genere: Pelophylax.

Note sulla sistematica - Questa rana fa parte di un Klepton, unità sistematica formata da un complesso costituito da una specie e dal suo ibrido ibridogenetico. Pelophylax kl. esculentus ha origine ibrida da Pelophylax lessonae e Pelophylax ridibundus. Non è riconosciuta come specie valida. Per i sinonimi vedere Pelophylax lessonae e Pelophylax ridibundus.

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Andreone, F. and Sindaco, R. (eds) 1999. Erpetologia del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta - Atlante degli Anfibi e dei Rettili. Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali (Torino), Monografie XXVI (1998).

 

Distribuzione di Pelophylax kl. esculentus secondo IUCN

 

Questa kleptospecie è largamente diffusa in Europa centro settentrionale, dall'Armorica in Francia, fino al bacino del Volga. In tutto il suo areale vive in simpatria con le specie parentali. La rana verde minore è assente dalla Scandinavia, con l'eccezione di una piccola parte della Svezia sud occidentale e della Danimarca, dalla Francia meridionale, Penisola Iberica, Italia peninsulare e da buona parte dei Balcani centro meridionali. Allevata per l'alimentazione, è stata introdotta in Gran Bretagna ed in Spagna, a Villasbuenas de Gata, Cáceres ed in varie località della Galizia, Catalogna e Comunidad Valenciana. Vive dal livello del mare fino a circa 1.550 metri di quota.

Bibliografia - Andreone, F. and Sindaco, R. (eds) 1999. Erpetologia del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta - Atlante degli Anfibi e dei Rettili. Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali (Torino), Monografie XXVI (1998).

Arano, B., Llorente, G., García-Paris, M. and Herreo, P. 1995. Species translocation menaces iberian waterfrogs. Conservation Biology 9(1): 196-198.

Arnold, E.N. 2003. Reptiles and Amphibians of Europe. Princeton University Press, Princeton and Oxford.

Arnold, H.R. 1995. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Britain. ITE research publication 10: 40.

Auclair, R., Auclair, S. and Brugiere, D. 1983. Des grenouilles vertes (Rana sp.) en Sardaigne. Alytes 2(2): 53-54.

Bannikov, A. G., Darevsky, I. S. and Rustamov, A. K. 1971. Zemnovodnye i Presmykayushchienya SSSR [Amphibians and Reptiles of the USSR]. Izdatelistvo Misl, Moscow.

Bannikov, A.G., Darevsky, I.S., Ishchenko, V.G., Rustamov, A.K. and Szczerbak, N.N. 1977. Opredelitel Zemnovodnykh i Presmykayushchikhsya Fauny SSSR [Guide to Amphibians and Reptiles of the USSR Fauna]. Prosvechshenie, Moscow.

Berger, L. 1966. Biometrical studies on the populations of green frogs from the environs of Poznan. Ann. Zool. 23: 303-324.

Berger, L. 1988. Principles of studies of European water frogs. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia 31: 563-580.

Bucci, S., Ragghianti, M., Guerrini, F., Cerrini, V., Mancino, G., Morosi, A., Mossone, M., Pascolini, R. 2000. Negative environmental factors and biodiversity: the case of the hybridogenetic green frog system from Lake Trasimeno. Italian Journal of Zoology 67: 365-370.

Burny, J. and Parent, G.H. 1985. Les grenouilles vertes de le Belgique et des régions limitrophes. Données chorologiques et écologiques. Alytes 4(1): 12-33.

Carnevali, O., Mosconi, G., Sabbieti, M.G., Murri, C.A., Villani, P. and Polzonetti-Magni, A.M. 1993. Some aspects of the reproductive biology of Rana esculenta at sea-level and montane habitats. Amphibia-Reptilia 14(4): 381-388.

Cogalniceanu, D. and Miaud, C. 2003. Population age structure and growth of four syntopic amphibian species inhabiting a large river floodplain. Canadian Journal of Zoology 81: 1096-1106.

Dely, G. 1967. Kétélt'ek-Amphibia: Magyarország Állatvilága, Faunae Hungariae. Ákadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.

Dubois, A. 1982. Notes sur les grenouilles brunes (Groupe de Rana temporaria Linne, 1758). I. Introduction. Alytes 1(4): 56-70.

Dzukic, G., Kalezic, M., Aleksic, I. and Crnobrnja, J. 1996. Green frogs exploited in the former Yugoslavia. FrogLog 19: 3­4.

Fagotti, A., Morosi, L., Di Rosa, I., Clarioni, R., Simoncelli, F., Pascolini, R., Pellegrino, R., Guex, G.-D. and Hotz, H. 2005. Bioaccumulation of organochloride pesticides in frogs of the Rana esculenta complex in central Italy. Amphibia- Reptilia 26(1): 93-104.

Fog, K. 1995. Amphibian conservation in Denmark. FrogLog 13: 1-2.

Gasc, J.-P. (ed.) 1997. Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Europe. Societas Europea Herpetologica & Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.

Gislén, T. and Kauri, H. 1959. Zoogeography of the Swedish amphibians and reptiles with notes on their growth and ecology. Acta Vertebratica 1: 193-397.

Grossenbacher, K. 1994. Rote Liste der gefährdeten Amphibien der Schweiz. In: BUWAL (ed.), Rote Liste der gefährdeten Tierarten in der Schweiz, pp. 33-34. BUWAL (Bundesamt für Umwelt, Wald und Landschaft), Bern.

Gunther R. 1990. Die Wasserfrosche Europas. A. Ziemsen, Wittenberg-Lutherstadt.

Günther, R. 1975. Zum natürlichen Vorkommen und zur Morphologie triploider Teichfrösche, "Rana esculenta", L., in der DDR (Anura, Ranidae). Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 51: 145-158.

Ildos, A.S. and Ancona, N. 1994. Analysis of amphibian habitat preferences in a farmland area (Po plain, northern Italy). Amphibia-Reptilia 15(3): 307-316.

Joly, P. 1992. The amphibian fauna of the French Upper-Rhône floodplain. The Lavours marsh and Jons sector. Alytes 10(4): 117-129.

Kalezic, M. and Dzukic, G. 2001. Amphibian status in Serbia and Montenegro (FR Yugoslavia). FrogLog 45: ?

Kovács, T. 2002. Monitoring of amphibians and reptiles along the Drava River. FrogLog 52: ?

Kuzmin, S. L. 1995. Die Amphibien Russlands und angrenzender Gebiete. Westarp Wissenschaften, Magdeburg.

Kuzmin, S. L. 1999. The Amphibians of the Former Soviet Union. Pensoft, Sofia-Moscow.

Lada, G.A., Borkin, L.J. and Vinogradov, A.E. 1995. Distribution, population systems and reproductive behavior of green frogs (Hybridogenetic Rana esculenta complex) in Central Chernozem Territory of Russia. Russian Journal of Herpetology 2(1): 46-57.

Ljubisavljevic, K., Dzukic, G. and Kalezic, M. 2003. Green frogs are greatly endangered in Serbia and Montenegro. FrogLog 58: 2-3.

Milinski, M. 1994. Hybridogenetic Frogs on an Evolutionary Dead End Road. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 9(2): 62.

Mlynarski, M. 1966. Plazy I Gady Polski. Panstwowe Zaklady Wydawnictw Szkolnych, Warszawa 75.

Nikolsky, A. M 1906. Herpetologia Rossica. Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. de St. Petersbourg, Ser. 8, Phys.-Math, Vol. 17, Sofia, Moscow.

Nikolsky, A. M 1936. Fauna of Russia and Adjacent Countries: Amphibians (English translation of Nikolsky, 1918, Faune de la Russie et des Pays limitrophes. Amphibiens. Académie Russe des Sciences, Petrograd, USSR). Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem.

Nöllert, A. and Nöllert, C. 1992. Die Amphibien Europas. Franckh-Kosmos Verlags-GmbH and Company, Stuttgart.

Pascolini, R., Daszak, P., Cunningham, A.A., Tei, S., Vagnetti, D., Bucci, S., Fagotti, A., Di Rosa, I. 2003. Parasitism by Dermocystidium ranae in a population of Rana esculenta complex in Central Italy, with a taxonomic review and designation of a new genus Amphibiocystidium n. gen. Dis. Aquat. Org. 56: 65-74.

Pereira, C.N., Di Rosa, I., Fagotti, A., Simoncelli, F., Pascolini, R., Mendoza, L. 2005. The Pathogen of Frogs Amphibiocystidium ranae is a Member of the Order Dermocystida in the Class Mesomycetozoea. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 43(1): 192-198.

Puky, M. 2000. A kétéltûek védelme Magyarországon (Conservation of amphibians in Hungary). In: S. Faragó (ed.), Gerinces állatfajok védelme (Conservation of vertebrate species), pp. 143-158. Nyugat-Magyarországi Egyetem Erdõmérnöki Kar, Sopron.

Puky, M. 2003. Amphibian mitigation measures in Central-Europe. In: L.C. Irwin, P. Garrett and K.P. McDermott (eds), Proceedings of the International Conference on Ecology and Transportation, 26-31 August, 2003, Lake Placid, New York, USA, pp. 413-429. Center for Transportation and the Environment, North Carolina State University, USA.

Puky, M. 2003. Az újraárasztott Nyirkai Hany - Keleti Mórrétek (Hanság) herpetofaunája (Occurrence of amphibians and reptiles in the Nyirkai Hany Keleti Mórrétek wetland restoration area, Hanság, Hungary in the first year following inundation). Folia Historico Naturalia Musei Matraensis 27: 341-347.

Puky, M. et al. 2003. Preliminary Herpetological Atlas of Hungary. Varangy Akciócsoport Egyesület, Budapest.

Rybacki, M. and Berger, L. 2001. Types of water frog populations (Rana esculenta complex) in Poland. Mitt. Mus. Nat.kd. Berl., Zool. Reihe 77: 51-57.

Rybacki, M. and Fog, K. 1995. Populations of green frogs (Rana ridibunda and Rana kl. esculenta) on Bornholm, Denmark. Memoranda Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica 71(3-4): 120-124.

Schmidt, B.R. 1993. Are hybridogenetic frogs cyclical parthenogens? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 8: 271-273.

Smit, G. 1998. DAPTF-Netherlands Report. FrogLog 28: 3.

Szczerbak, N. N. and Szczerban, M. I. 1980. Zemnovodnye i Presmykayushchiesya Ukrainskikh Karpat [Amphibians and Reptiles of Ukrainian Carpathians]. Naukova Dumka, Kiev.

Szilárd, N. and Csengele, K. 2001. Amphibian harvesting in Romania. FrogLog 44: 3.

Terentjev, P. V. and Chernov, S. A 1965. Key to Amphibians and Reptiles of USSR (translated from Russian). Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem.

Tunner, H.G. and Kárpáti, L. 1997. The water frogs (Rana esculenta complex) of the Neusiedlersee region (Austria, Hungary) (Anura: Ranidae). Herpetozoa 10(3/4): 139-148.

Vogrin, N. 1997. The Status of Amphibians in Slovenia. FrogLog 20: 1-2.


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